Are my savings safe? What protection do my savings have?
In the last few years, it has become increasingly important to learn about protecting your savings against the threat of your bank collapsing.
Before the Northern Rock crisis and the subsequent problems of Halifax/Bank of Scotland, Bradford & Bingley and Royal Bank of Scotland, few people would have worried about the prospect of a British bank going bust.
Nowadays, however, most savers are keen to know how their cash would be protected if their account provider went into administration. It is important to understand the rules around savings safety and be sure that your money has the maximum protection possible.
What is the Financial Services Compensation Scheme?
The Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) offers a safety net for savers and investors in order to protect some of their cash if their account provider goes bust. It protects up to £85,000 of savings per individual, per financial institution.
If you have savings with a bank or building society authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), and which goes under, you will get back the first £85,000 of your savings through the FSCS.
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This £85,000 compensation includes any interest you will have accrued - so it's wise not to invest all the way up to the FSCS limit, instead leaving some 'space' in your savings account for your return to build up.
For example: if you receive 5% interest on your savings, you should only keep around £80,750 in your account.
Compensation limits apply to individuals not accounts, so if you hold a joint account your level of savings protection effectively doubles, because each person would be entitled to £85,000 in compensation from the FSCS if the worst should happen. You could therefore safely hold up to £170,000 in a joint account.
However, it is vital to be aware that holding money in different accounts within the same bank will not offer you extra protection.
For example: if you held three lots of £85,000 in three separate accounts from Bank X and it went bankrupt, you would be guaranteed to get back just £85,000 of your savings - a third of the total you had invested.
Different banks can belong to the same financial institution
The hardest task is identifying which banking brands belong to the same financial institution, yet this is a crucial part of ensuring your savings are safe.
Banks or building societies that appear completely unrelated to one another may be part of the same financial institution, meaning only one dose of £85,000 FSCS protection will apply to the combined savings held in all of them. Consequently, individuals who think they are saving safely may unwittingly be putting their money at risk.
It may not be immediately obvious that your savings provider is connected with another, entirely separate-looking bank, so make sure you read the next page, Who owns who in the savings market?.
Investments, mortgages and insurance
The Financial Service Compensation Scheme also covers investments, mortgages and insurance, up to certain limits. These limits vary depending on the type of product you have with the bank. The list below highlights compensation levels for the most commonly held products.
Each product type is treated independently under FSCS rules, so if you choose to bank and invest with the same provider you would be entitled to compensation for each of the products you hold, up to the relevant FSCS limits.
Investment, advice and insurance protection limits
The limits for each product area are:
- Investments: 100% of the first £50,000;
- Mortgage advice and arranging: 100% of the first £50,000;
- Long-term insurance (e.g. life assurance): 90% of the claim;
- Compulsory general insurance (e.g. third-party motor insurance): 100% of the claim;
- Non-compulsory general insurance (e.g. home insurance): 90% of the claim;
- General insurance advice and arranging: 90% of the claim. Advice for compulsory insurance is also protected up to 90% of the claim.