Types of saving and investment income

Income tax

Types of saving and investment income

By Ian Robinson

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Types of saving and investment income

Get the facts about the main types of savings and investment income you may have to pay tax on.

Your tax will generally be calculated depending on the type of savings or investments you have and what other income you receive. It is incurred once you exceed your personal allowance, the personal savings allowance or the dividend allowance. 

Tax on savings income is paid at 20%, 40% or 45% in 2016-17, depending how much other income you have, while tax on dividends from investments is paid at 7.5%, 32.5% or 38.1%.

Types of savings and investment income

There are three main types of savings and investment income you may have to pay tax on:

Income from savings

Savings income is the money you receive in the form of interest – as opposed to dividends. 

You are likely to accrue this type of interest on:

  • bank or building society accounts
  • National Savings & Investments (NS&I) products
  • gilts
  • corporate bonds
  • permanent interest-bearing shares (Pibs)
  • local authority investments
  • unit trusts or open-ended investment companies (Oeics) that invest mainly in interest-bearing products.

Annuities that you buy voluntarily – as opposed to those you buy with the proceeds of a pension fund – also come into this category. However, part of the income you receive is treated as a tax-free return of capital, so not all of your gains are taxable.

Income from dividends

The second type of income on which you may be taxed is dividend income. This comes from:

  • shares you own in companies
  • investment trusts
  • unit trusts and Oeics that invest mainly in shares.

Income from life insurance investments

The third type of investment income you might receive is income from life insurance investments, such as with-profit and investment bonds.

  • Last updated: April 2016
  • Updated by: Ian Robinson