New figures from a report on ransomware cases over the past year have revealed a surge in ‘highly targeted attacks’ on businesses.
The report, published by antivirus maker Malwarebytes, highlights the inescapable dangers of data-grabbing computer nasties. But although the security-savvy brand mentions a rise in attacks aimed at larger groups, everyday consumers aren’t under the same pressure.
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How bad is the ransomware situation in the UK?
As part of its report, Malwarebytes has ranked countries by ransomware detections. The UK is sat in third place, responsible for 9% of detections between June 2018 and June 2019. Canada is slightly ahead at 10%, but the gap between Canada and the United States is enormous.
Although the US is miles ahead here, these figures from Malwarebytes suggest that the UK is still the worst in Europe for ransomware detections. However, the lion’s share of ransomware attacks appear to be targeting small businesses rather than consumers – not surprising when you consider that malicious groups stand to benefit far more by ransoming organisations over individuals.
Malwarebytes notes ‘an almost constant increase in business detections of ransomware’, with numbers shooting up by a whopping 365% between Q2 2018 and Q2 2019. However, consumer detections have been decreasing almost 12% year-on-year.
Attacks may not be as common as they were in 2016, but keeping yourself protected with antivirus software is still extremely important.
How ransomware is evolving
Ransomware is constantly adapting to infect different devices, which means keeping your antivirus software updated is vital. At the time of writing, there are five major strains of ransomware:
- GandCrab – first spotted in 2018, GandCrab ransomware demands a cryptocurrency payment to unlock your computer.
- Ryuk – designed to force businesses to cough up huge chunks of money, Ryuk craves Bitcoin and pins a sinister message on-screen: ‘No system is safe.’
- Troldesh – this virus encrypts a victim’s files and urges them to contact an email address for an ‘unlock key’.
- Rapid – Rapid will lock files and ask for a payment to get them back. An infuriating message on an infected PC says: ‘Hello! All your files have been encrypted by us. If you want to restore files write on email.’
- Locky – this ransomware arrived on the scene in 2016. It’s sent out via email with a virus disguised as a Word document attached to it.
As ransomware makers take on big corporations, they’re evolving their tactics to force victims into paying up. Looking ahead, Malwarebytes predicts that ransomware families will team up to have a bigger impact:
‘Attackers will increasingly target critical infrastructure, recognizing that disrupting publicly controlled, essential networks will likely result in a higher chance of payment.’
The security firm also expects to see a rise in ‘manual infections’, which would mean infecting a PC without having to rely on the owner accidentally clicking a malicious advert or file.
Learn more about ransomware and how to prevent it with our guide.
Antivirus software in the Which? test lab
We’ve put a wide range of antivirus tools through our tough tests to find the packages that you can trust to protect you against the latest threats. Click through using the links below for our detailed review.
Avast Internet Security 2019 (£50+)
You can download a free version of Avast Internet Security right away, but the paid-for alternative adds some extra features. One of them is real-time protection against ransomware and phishing, battling against viruses that try to lock up your files.
Avast will cost you £49.99 for a year-long subscription. You can also sign up for a two-year subscription at £89.99 or a three-year subscription at £129.99. If you’re tempted by this antivirus software, make sure you check in with our expert Avast Internet Security 2019 review before taking the plunge.
AVG Internet Security 2019 (£60+)
By paying for a single AVG licence, you’re able to add unlimited devices to your subscription. AVG has anti-ransomware protection built-in, aiming to uncover malware during scans and ensuring your files aren’t wrongly quarantined. We tried it in our test lab to see just how effective it really is.
The basic AVG Internet Security package is £59.99, or you can go for the AVG Ultimate bundle at £79.99. Ultimate adds some bonus features, including live chat support and automatic PC tuning updates. See how we rate this tool with our full AVG Internet Security 2019 review.
Bitdefender Internet Security 2019 (£50)
Romanian cybersecurity firm Bitdefender is one of the biggest antivirus software companies around. Its paid-for software targets online threats, including ransomware and phishing attacks. Bitdefender is compatible with both Windows and Mac computers, along with Android and iOS gadgets.
The paid-for version of Bitdefender includes a password manager tool which stores your details away from prying eyes. See if this antivirus software is worthy of being made a Best Buy with our full Bitdefender Internet Security 2019 review.
Our expert antivirus software reviews, based on independent tests, will help you protect your computer from scams and viruses online.