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How to Buy Solar Panels

Solar PV Prices and Savings

By Sarah Ingrams

Article 3 of 12

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Solar PV Prices and Savings

Find out how much solar PV panels cost, whether prices are coming down and what financial help is available to buy solar panels. 

Wondering whether solar panels will pay for themselves? We've crunched the numbers for you.

Solar panels aren't cheap. But if they can help you cut your energy bills, plus earn you money by generating electricity that you can sell back to your energy company, does this mean you'll end up quids in? 

Keep reading to learn more about solar panel costs versus how much money they can earn and save you. 

Solar panel prices

Prices for solar PV systems vary depending on the size and type of the system, as well as the structure of the building on which the panels will be installed. 

An average PV system of 4kWp (kilowatt peak) costs around £5,000 to £8,000. Solar are more expensive than conventional solar panels.

The more electricity the system can generate, the higher the savings on your energy bill will be – but the bigger the initial cost is. 

In addition to the savings on your electricity bill, you'll get paid under the Feed-in Tariff (FIT) scheme for generating your own electricity.

Solar panel cost is coming down

The idea behind FIT is that, as solar PV takes off, the cost will drop. And this is why the rate of the FIT is decreasing over time, to compensate for the falling cost of solar systems. 

The former Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC) said that there has been a rapid fall in the global module costs of solar PV since the introduction of the FIT scheme in April 2010. The former minister of state at the DECC, Greg Barker, also said: 'As solar PV technology has developed, its costs have reduced and [they] are now believed to be around 30% lower than originally projected.' 

When we surveyed 1,530 Which? members who have solar panels, we found that, on average, they paid the following for an installed 3.6-4kWp solar PV system:

Solar PV cost infographic 2015

As you can see, prices of solar panels have been coming down, especially since 2013. We're currently researching how much people have paid for solar PV since 2015 and will be updating the figures soon.

Solar panel grants

Solar electricity has attracted much interest since the government introduced the FIT scheme in April 2010. The scheme pays you for every unit of electricity your solar system generates. 

To qualify for the FIT, you have to use products and installers certified under the Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS).

However, the government cut the FIT for small domestic solar PV installations by 65% as of 1 January 2016. That means you now only get 4.07p for electricity generated (correct for July to September 2017), instead of 12.92p. 

To learn about the FIT, including how much money you could make, read our guide to the Feed-in Tariff.

Pros and cons of solar PV

Pros of solar PV:

  • only daylight is needed to create energy – not sunshine
  • can be connected to the national grid and any excess electricity sold back to an electricity company
  • can cut your electricity bill; once you've paid for the installation your electricity costs will be less
  • provides additional income, as the Feed-in Tariff provides cash payments to households that produce their own electricity using a renewable technology.

Cons of solar PV

  • more expensive to buy and install than solar water systems
  • high initial outlay: typically £5,000 to £8,000 for a 4kWp system
  • efficiency depends on the number of solar light hours and climate
  • initial costs are higher than for conventional electric and gas-heater systems
  • unshaded, south-facing location is needed for installation
  • solar panels can be heavy, so your roof must be strong enough to take their weight – particularly if the solar panel will be installed on top of existing tiles.

Want to know which manufacturers make the highest quality solar panels? See our best solar panel reviews.


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