International driving permits
By Jade Harding
Planning to drive abroad this year? Here’s everything you need to know about the International Driving Permit – where you need it, how to get it and what happens after Brexit
The International Driving Permit (IDP) is a multi-language translation of your driving licence and is required in many countries throughout the world including a number of states in the US. But like many other road laws, requiring an IDP depends on the country you plan to drive in.
If the permit is compulsory, make sure you also carry your licence along with your IDP – the permit will not be valid without it.
The IDP should not be confused with an international driving licence – a document that can be purchased online but is not an official certificate and won’t be accepted globally.
In this article:
- Is a UK driving license valid in Europe after Brexit?
- EU and EEA countries where you can drive without an IDP
- How to get an international driving permit
- Countries that require an international driving permit (IDP)
- How long does it take to get an IDP?
- Cost and length of validity for an IDP
- Is my car insured abroad?
Still not booked the hire car for your trip? Here are the best and worst car hire companies.
No. A UK driving licence will not be valid on its own in certain EU and EEA countries after the 31 December 2020 if there’s a no-deal Brexit. You will have to carry both a UK driving licence and an international driving permit to legally drive in these countries.
However, after we officially leave the EU on the 31 January 2020 we will be in a transition period for 11 months, which means we will continue to trade and follow rules as if we were still a member.
The government will then seek to put in place new arrangements for EU and EEA countries to recognise UK driving licenses.
There are two international driving permits for EU countries. These are:
- A 1949 Convention IDP for Andorra and Cyprus.
- A 1968 Convention IDP for Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Italy, Monaco, Netherlands, Slovakia and Sweden.
If you only have a paper license - not a UK photo card license - you will also need an 1968 IDP for the following countries: Austria, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Romania and Poland.
This means if you’re planning on driving through France to Andorra, you will need to apply for both permits.
There is a third international driving permit, the 1926 Convention IDP, that covers Liechtenstein.
Even though the UK leaves the EU on January 31, it enters a transition period. EU rules will continue to apply and consumers will see very little change in 2020, as things stand.
Some countries have confirmed that visiting UK license holders will not need an IDP after the UK leaves the EU.
If you have either a UK photo card or UK paper driving license, you will not need an IDP to drive in:
- Belgium, for visits up to 185 days
- Denmark, for visits up to 90 days
- Hungary, for visits up to 12 months
- Ireland, for visits up to 12 months
- Iceland, for visits up to 1 month
- Luxembourg, for visits up to 185 days
- Malta, for visits up to 12 months
- Portugal, for visits up to 185 days
- Slovenia, for visits up to 90 days
- Spain, for 9 months after EU Exit day and then for visits up to 6 months
However, you’re currently still able to drive in the EU using your current valid driving licence, even if it is a valid paper version.
If there's an EU exit deal, UK licence holders will still be able to continue to drive in all EU and EEA (European Economic Area) countries using just their UK driving licence.
If you're a UK citizen living in another EU country, the government's recommending you exchange your licence for a local licence ahead of any no-deal exit day. If you don't and the UK leaves the EU without a deal, you will need to get a local driving licence and - depending on local laws - may need to retake your driving test.
The Post Office IDP country checker will tell you what countries you'll need an IDP for in the event of a no-deal Brexit.
Will I need to display a GB sticker after Brexit?
Yes. All UK-registered cars will need to display a GB sticker when driving in any EU country, including the Republic of Ireland.
The white oval sticker shows the letters GB in black, standing for Great Britain.
It will need to be displayed at the rear of vehicles registered in all parts of the UK, including Northern Ireland.
Although Northern Ireland is not a part of Great Britain, the GB sticker is used for cars from all parts of the United Kingdom.
The rule will still apply to drivers even if their number plate includes a GB logo.
Will my car insurance still cover me in the EU after a no-deal Brexit?
Currently, your insurer is obliged under EU legislation to cover you for at least the minimum level of legal insurance in EU countries plus Andorra, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Serbia and Switzerland.
If we leave the EU with no deal in place, the government has stated: ‘Access to the Green Card-free circulation area would cease. This would mean that UK motorists would need to carry a Green Card as proof of third-party motor insurance cover when driving in the EU, EEA, Andorra, Serbia and Switzerland.’
A Green Card is effectively a translation in several languages of your car insurance certificate. It is an internationally recognised confirmation that you’re covered to drive your own car outside the UK.
Since 1 February 2019, motorists can only get a permit by personally visiting one of the 2,500 post offices that will offer the service. The Department of Transport will then issue the permit via the post office.
Prior to 1 February, you could get an IDP by mail order from the AA and the RAC, and from 89 post offices in person.
To complete the order you have to be over 18 years old and have the following with you:
- Your full UK driving licence - photo card or older paper version licence
- A passport-sized photo
- Your passport if you're presenting an older paper version license
- £5.50 application fee.
A compulsory IDP will depend on where you are planning to drive. Our map below shows what countries require you to carry an IDP - hover over the countries to find out more. This map currently doesn’t show the countries that would be affected in the event of a no-deal Brexit.
Please note: some countries have their own terms and conditions in relation to IDPs, so it’s important you research your destination prior to travelling. For example, in Brazil a certified translation is required from the Consulate for you to legally drive.
Will I need a driving permit for different countries?
There are three different permits. The one you apply for will depend on what countries you're visiting.
- A 1949 Convention IDP
- A 1968 Convention IDP
- A 1926 Convention IDP
Drivers are able to get their IDP over the counter on the same day, provided they have the supporting documents. You can also order one as early as three months prior and delay the start date of your permit, however a permit cannot be backdated.
Each version of the IDP costs £5.50. There are three permits in total. So if you need two permits, you will pay £11. Which one or how many you need depends on where you will be driving.
How long is an international driving permit valid?
An international driving permit is valid for 1 to 3 years from the date it’s issued, depending on the type required. If you need a permit after that time, you will then need to reapply in person for a second permit.
As it stands, your insurer is obliged under EU legislation to cover you for at least the minimum level of legal insurance in EU countries plus Andorra, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Serbia and Switzerland.
For countries outside of the EU, you should check with your insurer to make sure your policy covers you. If it doesn’t, you can either upgrade your policy or, depending on your insurer, pay for it as an extra – this usually covers you for 30 days.
Once you’re insured you should receive a Green Card (an internationally recognised confirmation of insurance - see below) to take with you. If you don’t, make sure you request one – it’s free.
Always check the terms and conditions of your cover. Some policies will cease to be valid after a certain amount of days.
Jump straight to our expert analysis of the best and worst car insurance policies.
Just like checking your insurance policy, you should also check your breakdown cover before driving abroad. Not all will protect you for overseas breakdowns.
If your policy doesn’t cover you, you can ask for additional protection at a cost. Alternatively, you can search for separate cover solely for your time abroad.
It's also important to check what you legally have to carry in different countries in case your car breaks down. For example:
- France - reflective jackets (one for each occupant) and a warning triangle is compulsory in every vehicle. The motorways in France are also privately managed so law states that if you break down you must use the roadside emergency telephones or dial 112. The police will then send out a rescue company that will tow you to a safe area.
- Spain - a warning triangle is compulsory, and while reflective jackets are not compulsory to carry you could be fined for walking along the road or hard shoulder without wearing one.
- Italy - a warning triangle, reflective jackets and a spare tyre are all compulsory.
- Germany - reflective jackets, a warning triangle and a first aid kit are all compulsory.
- Belgium - you have to carry reflective jackets and a warning triangle in the event of a break down. If you are driving a vehicle that's registered in Belgium you also have to carry a first aid kit and fire extinguisher.
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