During the coronavirus pandemic, we're advised to limit face to face contact with people we don't live with. This could lead to feelings of loneliness and isolation - particularly for older people who are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill with Covid-19.
Loneliness is already a huge problem for older people. Charity Age UK estimates that two million people in England over the age of 75 live alone. While more than one million say they can go for more than a month without speaking to a friend, neighbour or family member. Research suggests the effects of loneliness and isolation can be as harmful to health as smoking 15 cigarettes a day.
Feeling lonely can be very distressing, especially right now when the global situation may also be making you anxious.
Try these tips to keep negative feelings at bay.
Not being able to do your usual activities can be jarring, but that doesn't mean you can't create a new routine for this temporary period.
Try and get up at the same time each day and plan the tasks that you're going to do. These could include household chores, but make time to relax and for hobbies too. And don't forget to eat three meals a day.
While it's important to keep up to date with current affairs, constantly watching the news can increase feelings of anxiety. Try to only check it once a day and stick to reliable news sources such as the BBC, or use for health advice.
If you can't physically see your loved ones at the moment, it doesn't mean you can't stay in touch with them. There have never been more ways to communicate with friends and family.
Even a simple text or email can make a big difference. And while there are plenty of easy video-calling platforms you can try, a phone call with a loved one is just as delightful as it ever was. You could even write a letter to someone you haven't spoken to for a while.
The best way to protect yourself and others from coronavirus is to stay at home as much as possible, but that doesn't mean you can't stay active. Exercise can lift your mood, reduce stress and encourage the release of the body's feel-good chemicals called endorphins.
There are home exercises you can do which focus on flexibility, strength and balance, and some can be carried out from a sitting position. There are also videos for simple indoor workouts on the website. has also compiled a list of resources that may also help during this time.
Getting to know your neighbours has perhaps never been more important. It can be really reassuring knowing there's someone close by who can help you if you need support. Make sure you have up to date contact details for the people who live in the houses closest to yours. It might be worth putting a note with your telephone number through their letterbox.
You could also look to join social media platform , which will let you see who in your local area has made themselves available to help neighbours. There are lots of people willing to provide errands such as going to the shops on behalf of older people or those with underlying health issues.
This could turn out to be a great time to make new friends. As well as using social media to renew contact with old friends, there are also many specialist groups on Facebook for people to join.
Don't suffer in silence if you're experiencing loneliness. There are friendly volunteers you can have a chat with if you're feeling isolated.
Age UK also has a befriending service called . It's a free telephone service for people over the age of 60. The charity will match you up with a like-minded person who's keen to make a new friend. Each week, they will give you a call. It may take a little longer to match you to a volunteer at the moment, but it's well worth signing up.