Common boiler problems and repair costs
There's very little more annoying than your boiler breaking down. The chances are it's failed during a cold snap and you're facing days of cold showers and a freezing home before you can get a professional to fix it.
If you're looking to diagnose the problem, the first port of call should be your boiler's manual. It's a font of knowledge that will explain fault codes and let you know if you can fix the problem yourself. If you can't find your manual, most manufacturers will allow you to download a copy online.
Most common boiler faults
The majority of serious boiler faults are hard for a layman to diagnose, and if you're not a trained heating professional you should never attempt any repairs that involve removing the boiler casing. It's dangerous to do so and also invalidates any warranty you may have remaining on the boiler.
However, two of the three most common boiler faults can be handled by a competent DIYer and don't always require the attention of a costly heating engineer.
Frozen boiler condensate pipe
When there's a cold snap, it's remarkably common for a frozen condensate pipe (a condensate pipe is a feature of condensing boilers) to put your boiler out of action. It's not technically a fault with the boiler but if the condensate pipe freezes, the boiler will shut itself down for safety reasons.
Always make sure that your condensate is properly insulated with foam, as in the image above, as this should prevent it from freezing in the first place.
Boiler losing pressure
You can repressurise your system yourself by opening the filling loop taps on your boiler until you achieve the desired pressure (usually around 1 bar). Once this is done, remember to close both taps, at which point your boiler should start to work again.
If your boiler is consistently losing pressure then you should have it looked at by a trained engineer to fix the issue for good.
Water leaking from the boiler
This is usually the result of old and corroded washers. You will need a trained heating engineer to open up the boiler and replace them for you.
Boiler repair costs and parts
While the three faults above are relatively common, there are lots of specific and technical faults that can occur with your boiler that a heating engineer will be able to help you with.
In the table below you can learn more about the most common boiler parts that fail. Only Which? members can unlock the table and reveal what those parts affect and how much it typically costs to get them replaced. If you're not a member, now.
|Boiler part||Boiler part name||Cost to replace part (including installation)||What this boiler part does|
|Diverter/zone valves||Directs flow of heated water from the boiler for heating or hot water|
|Printed circuit board||The ‘brain’ – it makes things run together|
|Water Pump||Moves heated water from the boiler, for either heating or hot water|
|Fan for combustion||Moves air through the boiler for combustion|
|Gas valve||Regulates gas flow to the burner|
|Overheat thermostat||Prevents boiler from overheating|
|Automatic air vent||Lets air out of the boiler|
|Pressure relief valve||Safety component that ensures pressure does not become dangerous|
|Thermocouple (only found in older boilers)||Essential component in preventing gas leaks if your pilot light goes out|
|Ignition||Ignites the pilot/main flame|
How much is a boiler service?
To avoid any future problems with your boiler, it's worth stressing the importance of getting your system serviced annually. An annual boiler service is the best way to keep it in good working order, diagnose problems early and limit costly repairs.
Failure to get your boiler serviced annually will in most cases invalidate its warranty. It only costs about £70 to get your boiler serviced, and it's definitely worth doing to keep you safe and warm through the colder months.
Dangerous boiler faults
Carbon monoxide still kills between 25 and 50 people every single year in the UK. Research by the Carbon Monoxide and Gas Safety Society shows that central heating boilers are the biggest contributor to this sad statistic.
CO is a colourless, odourless gas that is produced by incomplete burning of carbon-based fuels, including gas. CO stops the blood carrying oxygen around the body and can kill quickly. Symptoms include headaches, breathlessness, nausea, dizziness, loss of consciousness, drowsiness, vomiting, pains in the chest, stomach pains or visual problems.
An annual service is also essential to make sure that your boiler remains safe.
Owners of old fashioned non-room sealed boilers and systems with hidden flues are particularly at risk from the dangers of carbon monoxide.