A good oven should last you a decade or more, so you'll want to pick one that fits well with your cooking needs.
Modern ovens can include a host of hi-tech features. But if you don't get the basics right, you could end up with one that's slow to heat up or cooks unevenly.
The best ovens will heat up rapidly to the correct temperature and spread heat evenly throughout the oven.
Watch our video to help you decide which type of oven is right for you.
Use our interactive tool to guide you through the main features to look out for when choosing a new oven.
You won't always have a choice over whether you go for an electric or gas oven, as this can depend on the fuel options available in your home. Similarly, unless you are buying a new oven when redesigning your kitchen, the size you choose will be limited by the space you have available.
Below, we explain the options and their pros and cons to help you decide if you want to make a more radical change or simply replace like for like.
Electric ovens are the most popular type. Whether you want a single or a double, you'll find plenty to choose from. Built-in gas ovens are harder to find these days. Only a few manufacturers offer them as part of their range, so your choice will be more limited.
In general, we find that electric ovens do better in our tests. How well heat is distributed through an oven's cavity is an important predictor of reliable cooking results – and we have found that the best electric ovens beat the best gas ovens at spreading heat evenly.
Built-in ovens usually have a grill function. Again, we find that electric grills outperform gas grills. The best grills spread heat evenly to more than 90% of the grill pan below, while others don't do nearly as well.
On the plus side, gas ovens can be cheap to buy and run, and there are some decent ones out there. So if you've got gas installed, and don't want the hassle and expense of going electric, don't despair.
There are four types of built-in oven to choose from. All are around 60cm wide, but their heights vary.
Built-in oven prices vary from around £130 for an ultra-basic single oven to more than £1,000 for one with all the bells and whistles. We test ovens at all price points to find the best options for every budget. Many years of oven testing has taught us that you'll usually need to spend more than £250 to get a decent single oven, and at least £350 if you're after a good double oven.
We've found some respectable ovens from budget brands such as Beko, Belling and Hisense, as well as some mediocre ovens you'll want to avoid. If you're looking for a higher-spec oven from brands such as AEG, Bosch, Neff, Miele, Samsung or Smeg, you'll want to be doubly sure the oven will cook to perfection. Paying more doesn't always guarantee brilliant results, as our tests have shown.
Some pricey ovens do an expert job of cooking, as well as offering useful extras such as steam cooking or self-cleaning. But we've also tested models costing more than £1,000 that do a worse job of cooking than ovens costing less than half as much.
Manufacturers generally quote the total internal volume of their ovens as a guide to size. But this isn't especially useful. You can't use all that internal space to cook with, and the layout and positioning of shelves also makes a big difference to how much you can fit in. It's possible for an oven with larger dimensions to have less space available for cooking than a smaller one.
We measure the actual usable volume of each oven, ignoring any space that won't count when you're actually cooking, such as the top 3cm of the oven, and any space under the lowest shelf position. If you cram food into these spaces, you prevent hot air from circulating properly, which will affect cooking results.
We also use our collection of life-sized foods (a fake turkey, chicken and beef joint on roasting trays) to check what you can realistically fit in each oven. The biggest ovens will fit in a large turkey and still leave space for a tray of roast potatoes or veg. Smaller ovens may fit in a turkey but leave no space for extras, while others can be too narrow to even fit in a turkey on its own.
Some single ovens have a special divider that allows you to split the internal space and cook at two different temperatures. This is handy if you don't have space for a bigger type of oven but want a more flexible cooking space.
Cleaning the oven is a messy, unpleasant job, so an oven that promises to clean itself is a tempting prospect. There are several options available:
Pyrolytic ovens are becoming increasingly popular and they can be very effective. We've found the best ones clean the glass door, too. Some models have a choice of shorter or longer cleaning cycles depending on how grimy your oven has become. Bear in mind, though, that you'll need to remove the shelves and clean them by hand.
While a self-cleaning feature will generally cost more, they will save on elbow grease and money spent on oven-cleaning products over time. Also, we've seen prices for pyrolytic ovens tumbling lately as they become more mainstream, so they have become a more affordable option.
You don't have to splash out on self-cleaning for an easy life, though – some ovens don't have fancy self-cleaning features but still proved easy to clean in our tests. We've also found not all pyrolytic ovens are worth paying for, so make sure you check our before buying.
Modern electric ovens are far more efficient than their gas-fuelled counterparts. But we see noticeable differences in energy efficiency among electric ovens too.
So, while cooking won’t make the biggest dent in your energy bills compared with, say, keeping your house warm, it’s still worth going for an oven that has a low environmental impact.
That’s why we’ve introduced the Eco Buy logo to highlight the most efficient and reliable ovens we’ve tested.
As well as being energy efficient, Eco Buy ovens impress in our lab tests and come from brands that have done well in our annual longevity survey.
Ovens aren't typically as energy hungry as other large kitchen appliances such as fridges, freezers or tumble dryers. Models vary, but electric ovens tend to cost between £40 and £50 a year to run. Gas ovens are cheaper, typically around £20 a year.
As well as rating the energy use of each oven, we record how much each oven costs to run, so you can pinpoint the cheapest option.
There are several ways an oven can provide heat, and it helps to understand what these mean so you can be sure you get the option that works best for you.
A standard, conventional oven supplies heat from two heating elements: one towards the top of the oven and the other near the base. This can result in hot and cold spots, and food placed nearer the top of the oven tends to cook quicker than food near the bottom.
Conventional cooking can sometimes have the edge over using an oven with a fan – cakes, soufflés and flans fare better with just top and bottom heat – and anything liquid that you want to cook slowly, such as a casserole, doesn't get any special benefit from fan cooking.
Most electric ovens today come with a fan which helps to distribute the heat evenly, and some gas ovens can also be fan-assisted. True fan ovens have a single heating element around the fan, while a fan-assisted oven is essentially a conventional oven (two heating elements) with a fan set in the back of the oven.
Food cooks faster in a fan oven, as warm air is constantly moved around the cavity. You'll need to reduce the cooking temperature, too.
In double ovens, the larger main oven usually has a fan and the other operates as a conventional oven, so you can choose the option that suits your dish best.
Multifunction ovens usually include top and bottom heat, a grill and a fan. They allow you to cook with these heat sources independently or in combination. So you could use just the top heat to give your lasagne a bit of extra browning when it's cooked through, or use bottom heat only for a pizza or quiche to get the perfect crispy base.
Multifunction ovens often also have a defrost setting. Some models use just the fan to move unheated air around, while others introduce a little bottom heat at the same time. Either way, the job gets done far quicker than defrosting in a fridge.
Multifunction ovens are becoming increasingly common. They can offer more flexible cooking options, but be sure to check how easy they are to use as more options means potentially confusing controls.
Some oven brands have a reputation for being good for a particular job, or especially reliable. Neff ovens, for example, are a regular feature in the Bake Off tent, which has made them a popular choice among keen bakers. But is their reputation deserved?
As well as picking an oven that fits with your needs and does a great job of the basics, it's worth checking that the brand you choose has a good record for this type of product in terms of reliability and customer satisfaction.
Using years of testing experience and data gathered in our labs, as well as feedback from oven owners about their experiences, we've put together comprehensive guides to each oven brand to help you find the most reliable and loved oven brands.
Can you easily see food when it's cooking? And if you need to change the light bulb, is it easy to get at? Some ovens have one light at the back, which will need changing regularly, while others have switched to long-lasting LED lights and placed more in the cavity for better visibility.
Many ovens are designed to let you remove one or more glass panels for cleaning, which is useful if grime has built up over time. If you do this, handle the glass carefully during removal, cleaning and replacement. The corners are particularly vulnerable.
Although tempered glass is very heat resistant, it is brittle, and a tiny crack, invisible to the naked eye, can grow over time and eventually cause the glass to shatter.
Also, avoid using scouring cloths or abrasive chemicals on the glass. Scouring can cause minute scratches that undermine the glass, which could lead to it shattering further down the line.
Cheaper ovens tend to be less generous with extra shelving, so you may find yourself shelling out for more. Some pricey ovens also have fewer than you might expect, though, so check what you get before you buy, especially if you specifically want something extra such as a grill pan and grid.
Finally, don't forget to factor in oven installation costs when buying. Changing fuels can be quite costly, but if you're replacing like with like, then John Lewis offers oven and cooker installation services for between £75 and £110, and it will remove and dispose of your old model for an extra £20. Currys' current cost is between £75 and £90. It charges from £15 for removal and disposal.