Camera quality is now a major consideration for phone buyers who want to take crisp, dynamic photos and video footage.
The rise of photo-sharing apps and cloud storage has also meant you can store thousands of photos taken on a tiny device, and share them instantly with friends, family and followers.
We've highlighted the key things to look out for when choosing a camera phone and how to take great smartphone pics, plus explored whether smartphone cameras are really good enough to replace 'proper' cameras.
If you want your smartphone to have a great camera, there are two key things to take into account.
Smartphones are limited in sensor size because the devices are so small, but sizes up to one inch are now available and these can provide quality to rival some standalone compact cameras. Sensor size is the main determining factor of image quality in any camera.
High-end camera phones such as the iPhone 11 Pro Max have 12Mp, which is enough to take great-quality photos. If you want to shoot video, check the video resolution too. Some cameras are now able to record 4K ultra-high-definition video.
Other things to look out for include:
The advantages of phone cameras lie in their ease of use and accessibility. Most of us don't carry around DSLRs or compact cameras on a daily basis, but our phones are often in our pockets, ready to use, and smartphone cameras are improving all the time.
However, camera phones don't have many of the features of standalone cameras – they have smaller sensors and limited lens options so for truly exceptional or innovative shots you are likely to be better off with a proper camera.
Smartphones are far more than just cameras – only 20% of a smartphone's total test score is determined by camera performance. Plus, of course, there are some features of digital cameras that don't exist on a smartphone (or not to the same extent) so they can't be tested.
This means we don't have the same expectations of the two types of devices, so our tests for each are different.
That said, the photography tests for each have many similarities. For example:
But while there are similarities in how we approach the tests, we evaluate each type of camera differently. We have high expectations of DSLR and mirrorless cameras and expect professional-quality images. We adjust our expectations for less sophisticated compact cameras, and adjust again for smartphone cameras.
All of our assessments are rigorous, so we can directly compare cameras within each class and identify the best of the best, but the different evaluations mean you can't directly compare the results for a smartphone camera test with those for a digital camera.
Not all phone camera features are widely known, so we’ve collated some photography tips to help you make the most of your smartphone's camera.
If you’re trying to take a selfie at arm's reach and can't quite get the angle to tap the screen, you may end up with a blurry shot or one that won't quite capture your best side.
One solution is to use the volume buttons to control the shutter. This works on most Androids and iPhones, so give it a try when you’re struggling to take the perfect selfie
With most smartphone cameras, you can activate infinite burst mode by keeping your finger on the shutter button until you've taken your fill, after which the photos will appear in your album gallery as a photo stack or a list of photos that look very similar. This is very helpful – you’ll never miss a shot and can pick the best one from a range of photos.
The iPhone 11 and 11 Pro are exceptions to the rule, as pressing down the shutter button will take a video. Instead, press and immediately drag the shutter button to the left for portrait orientation photos, or drag it up for landscape photos.
When shooting video, if you find yourself in a particularly photo-worthy moment it’s likely you will miss the chance to snap the photo. However, when recording video, just press the shutter button on screen to take a photo. The video will continue to record, with the snapshot saved, too.
Some of the newest smartphones have multiple lenses, including ultra-wide-angle lenses. These are great for taking pictures of landscapes and landmarks as they'll get more of the scene into one image than most cameras, although we found some can distort the picture slightly.
Bokeh is the effect you'll see if you use a wide aperture on a professional camera. This is when the foreground is in focus and the background is blurred. Often this creates an artistic effect with out-of-focus points of light, known as bokeh.
Most new smartphones have a mode which simulates a wide aperture. On the iPhone it will be called portrait mode, on Android it's known as live focus, and with Huawei you can use both portrait mode and aperture mode to take these professional-looking shots.