Keeping warm air in and cold air out is a first simple step to a cosy home – and draught proofing can be a quick and affordable way to cut your energy bills.
The amount you'll save on your bills means that your draught proofing is likely to pay for itself in a few years.
Read on to find out what you can do in your own home – from filling in gaps around pipes to insulating your loft hatch. Plus, learn how to keep warm air in without compromising on ventilation.
Hiring a professional installer to draught proof your home could cost around £200. Doing it yourself may be a lot cheaper, but only if you have a good idea of what you need to do.
Draught proofing your windows and doors could save you up to £20 in energy a year, as well as making your home more comfortable to live in.
Plus, you might find you're able to keep your thermostat a little lower once you've draught proofed your space. Turning down the thermostat by just one degree in a typical home could save you between £85 and £90 a year.
|Draught proofing costs and savings||Cost||Annual saving|
|DIY installation||depends on what you plan to draught proof||£25-£50|
|Professional installation||around £200||£25-£50|
Start by looking around your house for uncovered gaps and openings to the outside. Check:
Even if you're eager to draught proof your whole home, it’s important not to completely seal your property. There needs to be some air flowing in and out.
Make sure you keep outside ventilation in areas where there are open fires or flues, and in rooms where moisture is produced, such as kitchens and bathrooms.
Don’t seal kitchen and bathroom windows – the gaps will let out steam and reduce the risk of damp. Instead, seal the inner doors to these rooms, so that once the door is closed you know the warm air from the rest of the house isn't escaping.
Draught proofing shouldn’t be too tricky if you're usually happy to tackle simple DIY jobs. Most products should be available from good DIY shops.
However, some homes, especially older buildings with single glazing, will be more difficult to draught proof. In these cases, you may find you could do with the help of a professional. You can find a tradesperson using our Which? Trusted Traders service. Use our tool below to find a tradesperson near you.
Sash windows, and especially old single-glazed ones, are notorious for being draughty. Not everyone wants to replace their traditional sash windows, but if you do, then installing A-rated double glazing could save between £95 and £115 a year on the heating bill of a typical home (depending on its size).
If you don’t want to install double glazing, you can still cut down on draughts by trying the following:
Secondary-glazing film is a transparent tape that fixes to windows to create a double-glazing effect. However, we recommend you avoid using it.
We tested one of these films and concluded that there are better options available. We found that the film may need to be re-stretched periodically (with a hair dryer), which can be inconvenient. Plus, it can easily tear.
Draughts from outside can come into your home through gaps around doors, letterboxes and even keyholes.
If you can feel cold air coming in from under an external door, you can fit a weather bar or a door brush strip. This acts as a seal at the bottom of your door when it’s closed. Both are easy to fit yourself and are available online and in most large DIY stores – prices start from around £6.
Alternatively, you could use a draught excluder. All sorts of shops sell draught excluders, or you could even make one yourself by filling a large piece of fabric with old clothes or rice.
However, because a draught excluder isn't fixed to the door, it may still let in draughts when you're out, as you can't guarantee where it'll land when you close the door behind you.
Letterbox draught excluders are popular, as are letterbox plates, which stop cold air getting in without interfering with any mail deliveries – they cost under £10.
A keyhole cover is a metallic disc that stops draughts and slides to the side when you put your key in – a cover costs about £3.
As heat rises, it can escape upwards through small gaps around your loft hatch. Insulate these using foam strips, as you would for doors or windows.
To really protect hot air from escaping through the roof, you'll need to look at insulating your loft. Good loft insulation can cut the energy bills in a typical house by about £130 a year. Find out more in our guide to .
Fill in any holes around pipes that lead to a loft or outside, such as extraction pipes on your white goods. Silicone filler should be fine for small gaps, while larger gaps might require expanding polyurethane foam.
You can pick both these products up from any decent DIY store.
Draughts can appear in all sorts of places. Key troublespots include:
Following these draught proofing tips will help to make your home cosier – and cut your energy bills.
If you are renting your home, it has to be fit for habitation and it’s your landlord’s responsibility to ensure this. If your house is too cold (or swelteringly hot) or damp, then this is a danger to your health and the landlord must make necessary repairs.
There are exceptions to this rule, though. If you have caused damage to the property, either intentionally or through negligence, the onus is on you to fix issues caused. Visit our to find out more about your statutory rights and tackling common renters' issues.
An electric heater can give you concentrated heat when and where you want it. An electric heater can be a renter’s best friend: they’re versatile, quick to heat up and are easily transportable from one tenancy to the next.
Their drawback is their high cost per hour. Electricity is much more expensive per kilowatt hour (kWh) than gas, and portable heaters usually run at two or three kWs.
To keep yourself comfortable, and to make sure your energy use is proportionate to your needs, buy a heater with a thermostat that’s proven to work. It’s the most important feature of any electric heater, and our tests show that quality varies widely.
Heaters have to be fitted with thermostats now because of energy efficiency rules, but our test lab shows us that quality varies widely. Also make sure that electric heaters (sometimes called space heaters) are not forbidden by your contract.
It’s important to strike the right balance between humidification and ventilation. This can be hard when your windows and doors are tightly shut to insulate your home.
Your home will become damp and mouldy if you don’t limit the humidity that builds up through drying clothes, cooking and showering. A dehumidifier can help you keep damp in check.