From choosing the best energy tariff to cutting the amount of gas and electricity you use, our advice will help you to save money and make your home more comfortable.
Some of our top tips take no longer than a few seconds – so you can get started on cutting your energy bill today.
Keep reading to find out how some changes can save you more than £200 a year.
Though cheap energy deals have disappeared over the last few months, it's still worth comparing gas and electricity prices to check you're on the best deal for you.
If you haven't switched your energy supplier or tariff recently, you'll probably be paying out-of-contract rates and cheaper deals may be available.
Also, out-of-contract rates (also called standard or default tariffs) will be increasing for many customers from 1st October when the price cap on these tariffs rises.
In September 2021, some energy price comparison websites suspended their services blaming a lack of cheap tariffs. But this doesn't mean there aren't any cheaper deals than the price cap - only that price comparison websites can't switch you to them.
Use Which? Switch to compare gas and electricity prices to check you're on the best deal for you. If you find a cheaper deal you might need to contact the supplier directly to sign up.
Already switched energy supplier? Try these:
If you let a fixed tariff run out, you'll end up on a standard variable tariff, and you could end up paying hundreds of pounds a year more than you should on your energy bills.
Most fixed tariffs last a year so, to avoid overpaying, switch once a year to a cheaper deal, timing the switch to coincide with your contract ending.
Unless a particularly enticing deal comes along you don't need to worry about switching more often than this.
We've crunched the numbers and found that, over a two year period from September 2018, switching twice or even four times a year wouldn't have saved a medium energy user more than switching just once a year. Some suppliers charge exit fees for switching mid-contract, which would eat into your savings, and it's more hassle.
There may be exceptions to this rule if energy prices drop dramatically a few months after you've switched; it could be worth checking a price comparison site if you see in the news that energy prices are at record lows mid-way through your contract.
If you don’t already have a room thermostat, programmer and thermostatic radiator valves, installing them – and using them well – could save a typical home £70 a year according to the Energy Saving Trust. It will also cut your home’s carbon emissions by 305kg a year.
Heating controls should let you:
Reducing room temperatures by just 1ºC can cut heating bills by another £55 a year so put on a jumper before you turn up the heating.
If you only need to heat one room in your house, it may be cheaper to use a portable electric heater and keep the thermostat turned down. For those who live alone or work from home, investing in an electric heater could save on heating bills over time as you're not heating the whole house unnecessarily.
These let you operate your heating remotely via the internet using your mobile phone, tablet or computer. Some also have sophisticated features, such as learning your routine or adjusting settings depending on the weather forecast.
Whether a smart thermostat could save you money will depend on your lifestyle, how efficiently you control your heating already and whether you’d prefer it to using traditional heating controls. Find out
Energy-saving light bulbs can help you to cut your energy bills easily. An LED light bulb costs around £1.71 a year to run . Over its lifetime, it could cut around £180 from your energy bills, compared with an old-style bulb.
Remember, energy-saving light bulbs last longer than traditional ones.
Annual running cost
2,000 hours (around 2 years)
10,000 hours (10 years)
25,000 hours (25 years)
LEDs are the most energy-efficient light bulbs, and use almost 90% less energy than traditional incandescents. LED bulbs can cost less than £3 for one, and some can pay for themselves through energy savings in a few months. To find out more, see our .
Stopping heat from escaping through unwanted gaps around doors and windows could help you save around £20 a year in a typical home, according to the Energy Saving Trust. Plus, you could save even more with professional draught-proofing. Take a look at the following areas:
The most visual indication of a product’s energy efficiency is its EU energy-efficiency rating. But we test energy consumption in a way that reflects how you actually use different appliances, so we can more accurately tell you which ones use less energy. For example, we test washing machines on the 40°C cottons program most commonly used by Which? members, while the EU Energy Label tests are 60% based on the 60°C cottons program.
In our lab tests, we reveal the annual running costs for every large appliance, from to . You can use the results of our tests to find out how much appliances cost to run, and which ones will be the cheapest.
Our research shows that swapping power-guzzling kitchen appliances for energy-saving models could save you up to £213 a year.
More than half of what you spend on energy in a year goes on heating. So replacing an old, inefficient boiler with a modern energy-efficient one makes a big difference to your bill.
If you upgrade an old G-rated gas boiler to a new A-rated condensing model, including a programmer, room thermostat and thermostatic radiator valves, you could trim your fuel bills by as much as £205. That’s based on the latest estimates from the Energy Saving Trust for a semi-detached home. And if you live in a detached home you could save £315 a year.
If you don’t currently have heating controls, installing them at the same time will help you to save even more money.
A condensing boiler is a good choice if you’re looking for efficiency. They capture waste heat released from the flue, and use it to heat water returning from your central heating system.
But a new boiler is expensive, costing between £1,240 and £3,840 when you include installation. Expect to pay at the higher end of the scale if you’re replacing a conventional heat-only boiler with a condensing combi boiler. So if saving money is your priority, it’s probably not worth replacing your boiler until it’s beyond repair.
Already replaced your boiler? Make sure you're using it efficiently. Ensure radiators are working properly, and use the boiler programmer so the heating only comes on when you need it.
Insulating both your loft and cavity walls can save you up to £315 a year.
Laying loft insulation to a thickness of 270mm in a typical non-insulated three-bedroom semi could trim £150 a year from energy bills, as less heat will be lost through the roof.
Insulating cavity walls can save up to £165 a year in a semi-detached house. Solid-wall insulation, although more expensive to fit, could save you £225 in the same type of house.
Already installed loft insulation? Even if you already have some loft insulation, you could save an extra £14 a year by topping it up from 120mm to the recommended 270mm.
If you’re pushed for time or money, have done everything else on this list or simply want to get started cutting your energy bill straight away, try these tips:
Money off your electricity bill, money towards installing solar panels or insulation, and grants for buying a new boiler are just some of the schemes currently on offer to help you save money on energy, for less.
Paying your energy bill through direct debit means you spread your energy costs over the year, and avoid big shock winter bills. Providing your energy supplier with regular meter readings will keep your bill as accurate as possible. This helps to avoid building up a big credit or debit balance.
If you think you've been paying too much and are in credit with your energy supplier, send it meter readings. You can ask for a credit refund at any time, even if it doesn't fit with your energy supplier's automatic refund policy.
Your right to do this is set out in suppliers’ licence conditions. These say that it must refund credit promptly when you ask, unless there are reasonable grounds not to.
It will check whether your payments and credit will cover your predicted use over the next year, and require an up-to-date meter reading to make sure that a refund won’t result in debt or increased payments in future. You’ll typically need to contact customer services or fill in a refund request form online.
Do remember that if it's summer, you should be building up credit for winter. But if you're owed money, don't hold back. Contact your energy supplier and ask for a refund.