How to buy the best car
How to buy the best new car
By Daljinder Nagra
Article 1 of 4
Buying a new car? Our five key steps explain the best way to buy a new car.
Coronavirus update: Are you shopping for a new car during the lockdown? Or awaiting the delivery of a new car? You'll want to read our article on how coronavirus is impacting the car industry.
Once life has returned to normal, shopping for a brand new car should become an enjoyable and exciting experience once again. It’s your chance to tailor your new car to your exact tastes, choosing everything from the seat fabric to the type of engine and gearbox.
But with thousands of pounds at stake, you want to be sure you’re choosing the right car in the right specification, and getting it for a good price. This guide sets out the five key steps to ensure you do just that.
Want to just start browsing the best cars you can buy? Take a look at all our new car reviews.
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Even if you think you know what kind of car you’d like to buy, it’s still worth considering your requirements. You may find that the car you want and the car you need aren’t quite the same thing.
For example, while you may like the looks or high driving position of a large SUV, all-wheel-drive is rarely necessary in the UK unless you live in a remote rural area or regularly go off-road.
While you may like the idea of buying a car from a ‘premium’ brand such as BMW or Lexus, you may find you can get all the refinement and features you need from a more mainstream brand – and at a lower price.
We recommend you write a list that prioritises what you want and need a new car to do – and that should include an idea of how much you’re willing (and able) to pay. It's also worth considering where you're going to be spending most of your time driving, to assess whether a hybrid car or electric car could lower your running costs.
We reveal the best hybrid cars.
How much can you afford to spend?
Cars are expensive – quite likely the most expensive thing you’ll buy aside from a property. So it’s vital you don’t spend over the odds, or over-extend your finances.
Make an honest assessment of your available budget. Bearing in mind that although a finance deal may make a car more affordable in the short-term, paying up-front is often the cheapest way to buy one in the long run. Read our car finance explained guide for more detail.
As well as the initial purchase price, remember to factor in ongoing costs such as fuel, car tax, car insurance, servicing and depreciation (more on this below). Then compare like-for-like with pay-monthly finance deals, as they may include some of these costs.
All of our expert, impartial car reviews include realistic fuel economy figures taken from our rigorous tests, so you can use these with our petrol vs diesel fuel calculator to work out your annual fuel costs.
Once you’ve narrowed down what you need the car to do – and any other criteria, such as looks or brand – it’s time to start researching the most suitable models available in your price range.
A good first step is to read our in-depth new and used car reviews. You can filter these according to starting price, brand, and all sorts of features, from fuel type to car class.
In our reviews, you can also find out if the car you're interested in is likely to last. Thanks to our annual survey of thousands of car owners, we can know which cars are the most - and least - reliable.
Need a hand pulling together your new car shortlist? We've rounded up the very best (and worst) cars in each class:
- Best city cars
- Best small cars
- Best medium cars
- Best large cars
- Best luxury cars
- Best small SUVs and crossovers
- Best large SUVs and 4x4s
- Best 7-seater cars
- Best electric cars
- Best hybrid cars
- Best family cars
Done your homework? Good. Now you can compile your shortlist of cars you’re most interested in. Then your next step is to contact local dealers to book in some test drives.
Some brands offer 24-hour or weekend-long test drives, so don't be fobbed off with a 10-minute spin round the block. A car that looks good on paper won’t be if you can’t easily get in or out of it, or you don’t like the way it feels to drive.
We rate every car we test on how smoothly it drives, how well it accelerates and we run repeat tests of braking from 62mph to standstill. This allows us to see if braking distance is consistent and doesn't increase with repeat runs.
Which means you can use our car reviews to make sure you don't waste your time on a model that will be a pain to drive.
Understanding car depreciation
In simple terms, the longer you keep a car, the less it will be worth if you sold it – and some cars depreciate much faster than others. It's usually unavoidable unless you’re buying a sought-after classic.
Depreciation is a major cost when buying a new car. If, like most people, you’re likely to want a new car before your old one is ready for the scrapyard, try to buy a model that depreciates slowly.
There is no hard and fast rule about depreciation, but you can help alleviate it if you:
- Specify a car in a desirable specification, with choice options
- For example, a car in a neutral colour will be easier to sell (and command a higher price) than one in an attention-grabbing hue.
Whichever car you choose, depreciation is likely to account for more than half of your running costs over the first three years. It can affect expensive models from premium brands just as much as a cheap car from a mainstream brand, and the sums involved – the amount you ‘lose’ – can be much higher.
But it’s irrelevant if you keep your car until it wears out.
Every year, we survey thousands of car owners to find out which cars you can (and can't) depend on - go to the most reliable cars.
A car's security may be an important factor in your choice of which car to buy.
Pay particular attention to the security features of 'keyless entry' cars – whereby a chip embedded in the key fob emits a signal to the car, allowing it to be opened and started without needing to use a key.
Keyless entry cars can be at risk of theft from a 'relay attack'. Thieves use a basic piece of electronic equipment – a 'relay box' – to lengthen the signal produced by the key, fooling the car into thinking it's close by when it's not. Thieves can then open and start your car.
Other security issues we've seen with keyless cars include:
- Ignition blocking attacks – where a criminal can jam an ignition and block the signal from your key fob, preventing you from starting your car and driving away.
- Rolljam attacks – your car key emits a digital signature when you press the fob. A criminal then uses basic equipment to capture the signature. This can be used to unlock the car and potentially drive it away.
If a car you're interested comes with keyless entry, or it's bundled in with an option you want, ask the dealer what the manufacturer is doing to combat these attacks. For example, the following measures, introduced by some manufacturers, can reduce the risk of a relay attack.
- BMW and Mercedes (models since 2018), for instance, have added motion sensors into their key fobs. So the key won't produce a signal if it isn't moving – such as when you're at home.
- Subaru and Mercedes (including pre-2018 models) owners can turn off their keys once they’ve locked the car.
- Land Rover and Jaguar use ultra-wide-band (UWB) across their entire range. UWB is a technology that can very accurately determine the distance between the key and the car, so the car can’t be tricked by the relay attack.
You may also be able to completely deactivate the car's keyless functionality, either through the car's instrument panel or by asking your dealer.
While you may be more familiar – and comfortable – with the idea of visiting your local dealer to buy a car, it’s now possible to buy a new (or used) model entirely online or over the phone.
There are pros and cons to both buying in-person and remotely, so we recommend you read our guide to where to buy a car to help you decide what’s best for you.
The right way to pay will also depend greatly on your circumstances and the deals on offer at the time of purchase. To learn more about payment and ownership options – leasing (renting) a car is increasingly popular and affordable – take a look at our guide to car finance explained.
Some dealers and brokers sell ‘pre-registered’ cars, which are often attractively priced with discounts of as much as 30%.
Some dealers and brokers sell 'pre-registered' cars. These are often well-priced with discounts of as much as 30%.
However, buying a pre-registered model could mean a shorter warranty – the warranty starts as soon as the car is officially registered, which could be months before you buy the car. You’ll technically be the second owner, as the dealer who registered the car will be the first.
A key advantage of online (or phone) car buying is the ability to compare prices from dealers all over the country without necessarily having to haggle with them yourself.
Depending on the car-buying service or broker you contact, they will have either pre-negotiated discounts from dealers, or will do it on your behalf once you’ve told them what car you’re after.
Even if you’d rather buy locally, do collect quotes from several sources as prices vary enormously across the country. You may find your local dealer will match or beat a price to secure a sale.
How to haggle
If you are buying in person at a dealer, go well-prepared.
- Have a good idea of the exact model, trim level, engine-specification and options you’d like, and how much you should be paying
- The price you see in the brochure (or stuck to the windscreen) should be viewed as a starting point for a negotiation
- The sales team nearly always has some room to manoeuvre on price, so push hard for a discount.
- If they don’t offer one (or some sort of other incentive, such as free servicing or desirable optional extras) be prepared to walk away – there’s always another way to buy your perfect new car.
To learn more about haggling, including examples of what to say to maximise your chances of getting a discount, read our expert guide on how to get the best price on a car.
We've tested all of the UK's bestselling cars. Below, we've listed the key specs and features for the three most popular models to help you find out whether one is right for you.
Alternatively, head to our round-up of the best cars you can buy.
- Class: small
- Price: from around £14,360
The Ford Fiesta is the UK's bestselling car and has been for many years. This small car comes in a wide choice of trims and you get to choose from six engines, so there's something to suit everyone.
Unlike some rival small cars, visibility is ok and you can see traffic around you fairly easily - particularly important if you regularly drive in busy cities.
Its main controls are well laid out and the pedals and gear lever are well positioned.
But how did this car perform in our tough tests and is it reliable? See our Ford Fiesta review.
- Class: medium
- Price: from around £17,420
The Volkswagen Golf has been a driving force on UK roads for decades, and is now in its seventh guise.
You get a wide choice of petrol and diesel engines and the Golf shares many traits with the more expensive Audi A3.
This family hatchback has impressive leg-room up front, with more space than in some people carriers.
But is it economical to run and can you depend on it? Our Volkswagen Golf review reveals all.
- Class: medium
- Price: from around £17,000
A direct rival to the VW Golf, yet a shade cheaper, the latest Focus is laden with tech.
There are nine trim levels to choose from. Even the entry-level Style model is well equipped, and the posh Vignale comes with a B&O sound system.
Like the Golf, you get plenty of room inside and a practical boot. The Focus also comes in both five-door hatchback and estate guises, though all share the same engines and trim line-up.
So how does this car compare to the Golf and do we recommend it? See our Ford Focus review.