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The best steam cleaners take the hard work out of refreshing your floors and surfaces.
The high temperature of the steam kills harmful bacteria and can eliminate the dust mites that cause asthma and allergies.
Because steam cleaners use steam to wipe away dirt and germs, rather than harsh chemicals, they are better for the environment and your home.
Watch our video to help you decide which type of steam cleaner is right for you.
Steam cleaners come in three main types: steam mops, handheld and cylinder steam cleaners.
Meanwhile, two-in-one steam cleaners combine a mop for floors and a handheld steam cleaner for cleaning tiles, glass and other surfaces.
Our interactive gallery below takes you through the different features of steam mops, handheld steam cleaners, 2-in-ones, and cylinder.
Steam mops resemble vacuum cleaners. Rather than suck up dirt, they have a pad on the bottom for cleaning floors.
They’re usually lightweight with a pivoting mop head that’s easy to manoeuvre around obstacles and into corners.
Handheld steam cleaners are easy to carry around and store. They give a concentrated burst of steam through a nozzle and usually come with a range of attachments for different surfaces.
They only have a small water tank, and are designed for steam cleaning small areas – bathroom tiles, kitchen surfaces or hard-to-reach corners, for example.
These multipurpose steam cleaners comprise of an upright steam mop and a detachable handheld steam cleaner, and can tackle most steam cleaning tasks.
The downside is they are often heavier and more expensive than standard steam mops.
Cylinder steam cleaners are wheeled devices made up of a hose and mop head, plus a main body on wheels that you pull along behind you.
You can connect accessories to the hose to clean different surfaces.
A good cylinder cleaner should be able to do all your steam cleaning jobs.
Their larger water tanks mean they’re able to steam for much longer. Most steam mops produce up to 15 minutes of steam, but cylinders often last three times that long.
We’ve tested and rated dozens of steam cleaners over the past six years and have uncovered big differences in quality and cleaning power between different brands and models.
There are far fewer cylinder and handheld steam cleaners on the market. Cylinders can cost more than £250. You can pick up a good handheld steam cleaner for about £30.
Attachments help you tackle other cleaning jobs around the home, such as window cleaning, refreshing your carpet and even cleaning your car.
You won’t usually get any accessories with a standard steam mop other than machine-washable cleaning pads.
However, if you’re buying a cylinder or handheld cleaner (either a standalone model or part of a two-in-one device), it’s worth keeping an eye out for the following:
We’ve come across a few models that can be used with detergents. These claim to give extra cleaning power, though the idea of using chemical cleaning agents may put you off.
You need to consider the capacity of the water tank, heat-up time and steaming time.
Steam mops are much faster to heat up than cylinder steam cleaners; the fastest mop is ready to use in less than 20 seconds.
Handheld steam cleaners are light and easy-to-use, but don’t steam for long. Their small tanks mean they can only generate steam for short bursts before you need to stop and fill up.
It’s worth checking whether the cleaner can be used with regular tap water.
Some manufacturers recommend you use distilled water, which can be inconvenient and expensive – but failing to use it may invalidate your warranty.
A built-in limescale filter can be useful if you live in a hard water area.
Below we've listed the key specs and features for some of the most popular steam cleaners.
This Black & Decker model is a simple, upright steam cleaner. Modestly priced, it's designed for use on hard floors. This steam cleaner lacks the accessories you need to clean other surfaces – such as bathroom tiles or taps.
This is a large, wheeled steam cleaner that you pull along behind you as you clean. It's generously equipped with a wide range of accessories, including a brass brush for heavy-duty cleaning and a fragrance disc to keep everything smelling nice.
It has a tank large enough to produce 40 minutes of steam.
This is a combination steam cleaner – you use the small, handheld unit to clean awkward areas, such as around taps, before easily clipping on the long nozzle to tackle spills on hard floors.
Its small size means that it's easy to use and store, but the small water tank limits the steaming time.
Every year we also survey hundreds of steam cleaner owners to find out more about the models that they own – from the faults they’ve experienced to whether they think their cleaner offers value for money.
This feedback, combined with the results of our intensive lab tests, means that we’re well placed to recommend the brands that you should choose when buying a new device.
In our latest analysis we've looked at the performance of the biggest steam cleaner manufacturers, including Vax, Karcher, Shark and Thane.