How accurate is your fitness tracker or smartwatch?
By Christina Woodger
If you're using a smartwatch or fitness tracker to help you achieve a specific goal - say, reaching a daily step count target or running a certain distance - you'll want to ensure it's accurate. We put our wearables through a range of scenarios, including an outdoors run, to see just how accurate each one really is.
We've found fitness trackers and smartwatches that capture data with no error, but others that over or understate data, or that are unreliable and inconsistent day to day. These devices will leave you wondering how much activity you've actually done, and will make it impossible to track any improvements in fitness over time.
Below you can see the accuracy scores for every wearable we've tested basic on metrics such as steps, distance and heart rate, plus how they fare overall for accuracy. Enter a model you're interested in into the search bar at the top of the table to filter the results.
We also reveal the lengths we go to challenge the fitness tracking of every smartwatch or activity band on test, as well as how your device calculates important metrics, such as distance travelled.
Only logged-in Which? members can view the exclusive ratings in the table below. If you're not yet a member, sign up for a Which? trial to get instant access. If you're already a member then search the table below by brand or name, or sort it by star rating or score by clicking on the table headings.
Fitness tracker and smartwatch metric ratings
Ratings for steps and distance are based on accuracy and reproducibility data for walking, running, and an everyday routine scenario. Heart rate is based on low, mid and high-level activity accuracy and reproducibility. Correct as of February 2020. If you're not logged in to Which?, you'll see a sample of our results.
How we uncover the most accurate step trackers
Our test participants walk for 10 minutes, run for 10 minutes and carry out routine tasks for five minutes per activity (including sitting while reading a magazine, packing and unpacking a dishwasher and going up and down stairs).
One device miscalculated step count by 66%, meaning you'd only have taken 3,400 steps when it says you've taken 10,000 steps.
Wearables with the most accurate heart-rate tracking
Tracking your heart rate is one of the best ways to monitor improvements in health and fitness levels, so accuracy and consistency is important. Our testers strap on a chest belt heart-rate monitor before taking part in low intensity exercise, high intensity running and cycling and a well-deserved rest.
Plenty of the fitness trackers we've tested earn just two - or even one - star for heart-rate tracking.
How does my smartwatch or fitness tracker calculate distance?
While many of us will be aiming to beat our daily step goal, it's also interesting to know just how far you've travelled. And, for those training for a particularly long hike, or perhaps a marathon, distance is an important metric.
There are two main ways that a fitness tracker or smartwatch will calculate the distance you've travelled.
- GPS Models that have built-in GPS can track your distance at all times, even without your smartphone by your side - great for those that like to run without their mobile. Some devices that don't have built-in GPS will use the sensor on your phone to track distance. If this isn't available, distance travelled will be based on steps.
- Steps Trackers that don't have built-in GPS or use the GPS on your smartphone will calculate the distance you've travelled by the number of steps you've taken. Usually this will be based on an estimated stride length multiplied by the number of footfalls, but some trackers allow you to add your measured stride length to improve accuracy of distance tracking.
We've found trackers with built-in GPS and those without that did a great job of tracking distance travelled. But, we've also uncovered models that miscalculated distance travelled based on step data by as much as 66% - meaning you could end up walking or running further than you need to.
Read our guide to the top fitness trackers for 2020 to find the best.