It can be difficult to spot a fake, fraudulent or scam website. Fraudsters are extremely cunning and good at creating convincing websites.
Take these eight simple steps to test whether a website is legitimate or not.
A lot of fraudulent websites will use a domain name that references a well-known brand or product name. But won't be the official website.
For example, website domains such as www.ipadoffers.net or www.discountnikeclothes.com should raise alarm bells.
You should also be cautious of domains that end in .net or .org, as they are rarely used for online shopping so may have been acquired by questionable organisations.
When you see very low prices with ridiculous discounts, you should be a bit suspicious. If prices seem too good to be true then, sadly, they probably are.
Scam websites use low prices to lure bargain-hungry shoppers to quickly sell fake, counterfeit or non-existent items.
Alarm bells should ring if you are asked to pay for something online via a bank transfer.
If you buy something that turns out to be fake or non-existent with a credit or debit card, you do have some rights to get your money back.
Take a couple of minutes to double-check the site. Maybe visit the homepage or the ‘About us’ pages and read the text there.
Watch out for poor English, such as spelling and grammar mistakes, or phrases that don’t sound quite right.
It could mean the site isn’t genuine and was put together by someone abroad looking to make a quick profit.
You should also check that the website lists any contact information.
Reputable and legitimate companies will always list ways to get in touch with them; if the website doesn’t have a ‘Contact us’ page, it could well be fraudulent.
If the site does have ‘Contact us’ page but only offers a form to fill out, be wary as this could also be an indication of a dubious website.
Any company offering goods or services should list a place of business, as well as a phone number or email address through which to contact them.
If none of this information is available, you should treat the website as highly suspicious.
If the company is selling a product online, it should have a shipping and returns policy listed on its website.
If it’s a real company, it should tell you how and where to return a faulty item.
Look at reviews across a number of sources, such as Trustpilot, Feefo or Sitejabber, which aggregate customer reviews.
Don’t look at just one review website – check several to avoid being influenced by .
You should also check the company’s social media pages for recent activity and to see what other people are posting on their social channels.
Use our top tips to spot a fake review:
1. Are there lots of oddly similar reviews?
It should be a red flag if you notice a similarity in the reviews across several websites.
Reading through reviews, you might notice a whole set that use similar word groupings and writing style.
This often means the reviewers are either copying information or that the reviews were all written by the same person.
2. Are the reviewers all very new?
Watch out for reviews from new accounts. Some of the reviews should be from long-standing members of the site.
You might find the person has reviewed hundreds of websites, which gives them more credibility than someone who’s only reviewed one site.
3. Is the review non-factual or overly factual?
Facts are important in a review; don’t trust a review if facts or actionable information is light on the ground.
Similarly, a review that gives no personal opinion at all may well be a fake – and in any case, it’s not a great deal of help.
4. Can you only find very few reviews?
In this case, it’s probably best to give any suspicious website a miss.
Research carried out by ANEC, a European consumer organisation, found that seven in ten people say they’re more likely to use a website with a trust-mark label or logo.
But with more than 50 different trust-mark labels and logos in use across Europe, and many countries also not using them at all, they are not always a sound way of judging whether a website is trustworthy.
Also, just because a website appears to carry the logo of a reputable trade organisation, it still doesn’t necessarily mean the website is genuine.
If you’re in doubt, you could always contact the trust-mark company to check.
A padlock next to a website's URL means the site is encrypted, so what you do on on it – such as browse or make payments – can't be intercepted.
Most websites now have this feature, so if you notice a site doesn't have one it could be a red flag.
But equally, scammers are able to forge or buy these padlocks so seeing one doesn't always mean a website is safe.
Checking for a padlock should always be combined with the other checks we've recommended.