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Making a complaint about a care provider

Deciding to make a complaint about a care provider can be very upsetting, but it should welcome feedback and do its best to put things right.
4 min read
In this article
Solving problems and making a complaint Raising awareness of the problem Has your loved one refused care? Escalating a complaint: self-funder
Escalating a complaint: local authority-funded care The importance of keeping records  Writing a letter of complaint

Solving problems and making a complaint


We explain how to raise awareness of a problem, give information about keeping records and the five steps to take when writing a letter of complaint.


If you need to make a complaint about a care home or domiciliary agency, there are procedures in place to help you take your worries further. Don’t be afraid to speak up – if you don’t raise concerns, nothing can be done about them. Raising awareness of problems could help to make things better, as well as raising awareness for other people being cared for by the same provider.


We give you specific guidance elsewhere in this article for challenging a local authority decision relating to an assessment or funding allocation or the way a member of council staff has treated you, or how to complain about an NHS assessment.


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Raising awareness of the problem

Speak to the care home/agency manager to give them a chance to investigate, explain and put things right. Tell them what you want them to do. Don’t be worried about raising issues. If you don’t speak up, then improvements can’t be made or problems resolved. A manager may not be aware there is an issue until you raise it. Most problems can be easily resolved at this stage; however, you may wish to agree a timeframe for a resolution.

If you don’t speak up, then improvements can’t be made or problems resolved.

Has your loved one refused care?


If it looks like a carer hasn’t been doing certain tasks, check to see whether this is because your loved one has refused care – in which case, a carer legally can’t do what was originally asked of them.


If your friend or relative doesn’t want certain things done for them, this should be noted in the daily report sheets by the carer. If the pattern of refusal continues, always follow this up with the agency manager. This applies to all clients, regardless of their mental or physical health.

Escalating a complaint: self-funder

If you’re unhappy with the provider’s resolution of the complaint, your next step should be to complain to the local government ombudsman. Each country in the UK has its own ombudsman, there is information about this in our getting professional support article. 



While the national regulators (for example, the Care Quality Commission in England) monitor all care providers, they do not investigate individual complaints. However, you may want to let the regulator know about concerns you have about the home/agency to help to ensure that the issue is addressed and doesn’t affect others.


If you’re unhappy with an ombudsman’s decision, you can appeal it through a judicial review. This is a complicated process and you would need expert legal help.

Escalating a complaint: local authority-funded care

If the local authority is funding care, complain to them if you’re not satisfied with the provider’s resolution of your complaint. All local authorities are required by law to have an official complaints procedure, which you should be able to find on their website.

The importance of keeping records 

If you take a complaint further, it’s very important to keep accurate records that you can refer back to. Remember to:

  • put everything in writing, where possible, so that there is a record of correspondence
  • keep notes of telephone calls: who you spoke to, when it was and what was said
  • keep notes of meetings: who was there, what was said and what conclusions were reached
  • keep a diary of issues relating to your complaint as evidence of what happened and when. If you witness an incident that you’re unhappy about, write down everything that happened so that you can remember the details accurately.

Writing a letter of complaint


If you choose to write a letter of complaint, you should include the following information:

  • Outline the problem: who or what has caused your concerns. Try to outline the most important points. If you’re complaining about a member of staff, give their name and position (if you know it).
  • Where and when the events took place.
  • What action you have already taken, if any, and what responses you have had.
  • What results you want from your complaint.

For further advice if you live in England, contact your local Healthwatch organisation, which can tell you if there are any advocacy organisations in your area who can help you progress your complaint.


As the ‘consumer champion’ for health and social care providers in your area, it’s always worth letting your local Healthwatch know about any problems so that they can use this to help improve service provision in your area.

Further reading

What is unsatisfactory care?

Unsatisfactory care can cover a wide range of issues, so we explain how to find the minimum standards and what to do if ...

Last updated: 20 Nov 2018