Train companies are failing to deal with passenger complaints effectively or even politely, new Which? analysis reveals.
We looked at Office of Rail and Road (ORR) data on satisfaction with complaint-handling from April 2017 to March 2018*, a period in which there were more than 500,000 complaints about rail services.
What’s really got our goat is that fewer than half of rail passengers were satisfied with how their complaints were dealt with by train companies.
Some train companies are doing much worse than others, too. One in five, or fewer, passengers with three operators – Northern, Govia Thameslink and Great Western Railway – were satisfied with the outcome and/or handling of their complaint.
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Satisfaction with rail complaints
Our analysis looked at how satisfied passengers who made a complaint to a train company were with all aspects of the process – from the ease of making a complaint to how helpful, knowledgeable and communicative the company was when dealing with an issue.
As many as 71% of passengers felt more negative about their train company after the way their complaint was handled:
In addition, no more than half of passengers thought that their complaint had even been taken seriously, across every train operating company in the survey.
This drops to around a fifth for Govia Thameslink (21%) and Northern (20%) – especially concerning, given that the data relates to the period immediately before this year’s timetable chaos, which resulted in a deluge of passenger complaints for both companies.
Poor satisfaction with complaints is unlikely to improve the low levels of trust in rail. According to the latest data on the Which? Consumer Insight Tracker, just 20% of consumers trust the train travel sector – this makes it the second-least trusted industry, beaten only by car dealers.
Where are their manners?
We’ve all heard jokes about the British obsession with politeness. But some train companies were rated particularly poorly by passengers when it came to receiving a courteous response to their complaint:
Northern had the lowest satisfaction rate for politeness out of all train companies in the survey; in fact, it came last or in the bottom three of the 18 train companies in every aspect of the complaints process that passengers were asked about.
One Northern commuter spoke of her experience: ‘I was blocked on Twitter by my train company for complaining when my train was cancelled, very delayed or too full to get on.
‘It left me feeling like they didn’t really care and weren’t interested in engaging with me and the disruption they caused to my life.’
More than three quarters of Chiltern Railways passengers felt that the company was polite in dealing with their issues. Together with CrossCountry, Chiltern scored the highest most consistently across the board.
New rail ombudsman coming soon
Our findings really cut to the core of our calls for a new rail ombudsman, which should be coming in by the end of 2018, having first been announced in 2017.
This would provide an official body to escalate complaints to, in the event that you’re unhappy with the way a company has dealt with an issue or treated you. It should also help ensure train companies listen to their passengers and resolve problems in the first instance.
‘Clearly there are serious underlying problems in the current rail complaints system, which need to be addressed’, says Which? managing director of public markets Alex Hayman.
‘Train companies have to step up and start delivering good customer service when things go wrong – informing passengers about their rights and dealing properly with any complaints that arise.
‘We have been calling for this much-needed and independent new rail ombudsman. It should incentivise train companies to listen to passengers in the first place and, when necessary, step in to make sure passengers get the redress they deserve.’
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Your rights when you’ve experienced train problems
If you’ve experienced train delays or cancellations, check to see whether you can claim compensation for your journey.
Most train companies are signed up to the Delay Repay scheme, which offers compensation based on a proportion of the price of your ticket and the length of your delay. Compensation starts from 15 or 30 minutes (depending on the train company you travel with).
The rules aren’t always clear as to when you can make a claim, and differ between companies. As a general rule of thumb, train companies won’t pay out compensation or refunds if delays, cancellations or poor service happen for reasons outside their control, such as strikes or exceptionally severe weather conditions.
Get clued-up with Which? Consumer Rights guides:
- Can I claim compensation for train delays and cancellations?
- Can I claim back additional costs caused by a train delay, cancellation or poor service?
- Template letter to claim compensation for train problems
*More information on the ORR data
This survey data shows passenger satisfaction with train operators’ complaints-handling. After a passenger makes a complaint to a train operator, they are invited to participate in a follow-up survey by an independent research company, commissioned by ORR, about their experience and how the complaint was handled.
The survey asks questions relating to the complaints process and resulting outcome. The complainant is asked to rank their satisfaction with each on a five-point scale or, in some instances, to provide a qualitative response via an open text box.