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Updated: 30 Jun 2022

What's happening to house prices?

House prices up by 12% year-on-year, but experts expect market to slow

After a year of soaring prices and fierce competition between buyers, house price growth is likely to slow in the coming months as the market settles down.

The Land Registry says prices rose by 12% year-on-year in April, but experts think we're unlikely to see such rapid rises in the second half of 2022. 

Here, Which? analyses what's happening to house prices and explains whether now is a good time to get on to the property ladder.

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What's been happening in the property market?

The property market soared in 2021, as buyers rushed to take advantage of the government's temporary cut to stamp duty.

The stamp duty holiday meant buyers in England and Northern Ireland could save up to £15,000 in tax if they bought a home before the end of June, or up to £2,500 if they bought before the end of September.

The number of property purchases peaked around these deadlines, but the number of sales each month is now much closer to pre-pandemic levels. Data from HMRC shows around 109,000 transactions went through in May.

The graph below shows the number of sales recorded across the UK since the start of 2020.

Number of residential sales across the UK

How have house prices changed?

House prices have risen considerably in the last 12 months, with the pandemic and stamp duty holiday bringing about a more volatile market.

The Land Registry's UK House Price Index is the most reliable barometer of what's happening to house prices, as it's based on actual property sales rather than asking prices. It works on a two-month lag, so the most recent figures are for April.

The Land Registry says that the average price of a property in the UK rose by 12.4% year-on-year in April to reach £281,161, as shown in the graph below.

Average house prices over time

How do other house price indices compare?

There are several other property price indices. The portal Rightmove provides the most up-to-date figures, but they're based on asking prices set by sellers rather than confirmed sales. Nationwide and Halifax also publish their own monthly data, based on mortgage lending.

All three providers are currently reporting around 10% growth, as shown in the table below.

House price indexMonth-on-month changeYear-on-year-change
Rightmove (June 2022)0.3%9.7%
Nationwide (June 2022)0.3%10.7%
Halifax (May 2022)1.0%10.5%

Is the property market set to slow down?

After the home-moving frenzy of 2021, there's now a mismatch between supply and demand. A recent survey by the estate agency Savills found that nine in 10 current house hunters have had their search affected by a lack of available properties.

The estate agency trade body Propertymark reported an average of 100 prospective buyers registering with each estate agent in April. Furthermore, 39% of its member agents reported that the majority of properties were being sold for above asking price. 

The imbalance between supply and demand is reflected in Rightmove's 'time to sell' data. The property portal estimates that homes took an average of 32 days to sell in May, down from 41 days a year earlier.

How long does it take to sell a property?

What will happen to house prices in the remainder of 2022?

Experts predict that house price growth will slow down as the year progresses.

In its latest market commentary, Rightmove says that a combination of affordability constraints and more properties coming on to the market could result in houses prices falling slightly in some months during the second half of 2022.

At the start of the year, Savills forecasted overall price rises of 3.5% in 2022, and 3% in 2023.

The property portal Zoopla has similar projections, forecasting a 3% rise this year. Halifax envisaged a slower property market, with prices changing by 0%-2%.

Is it possible to get a good mortgage deal?

Mortgage rates fell consistently in 2021, as lenders battled to offer the cheapest deals to buyers with big deposits - but that's now changing.

Rates have been rising off the back of five increases to the Bank of England base rate, with the cheapest rates now around three times higher than the historic lows recorded last Autumn.

Check out our stories on the best mortgage rates and 90% and 95% mortgage deals for the lowdown on the latest mortgage deals.

Is now a good time to buy your first home?

If you're thinking of getting onto the property ladder this year, there's good and bad news.

The good news is that low-deposit mortgages are still readily available, so you might find it a little easier to get a home loan than before.

The bad news is that it's unlikely that house prices will become significantly more affordable. Experts expect slower growth, but none are forecasting that overall prices will actually fall over the medium or long term.

If you are thinking of taking the plunge, we're here to help. As a starting point, check out our story on the five things all first-time buyers should consider. And you can explore all our free house-buying and mortgage advice in our mortgages and property section.

This story is regularly updated with the latest house price index figures and expert views. The last update was on 30 June.