As a nation of tea drinkers, our kettles are one of the most heavily used appliances in our kitchens.
But choosing the wrong one could leave you waiting longer for your water to boil, having to put up with excessive noise, or wasting water and energy.
Read on for our top tips on choosing the best electric kettle.
Our quick video guide explains the most important things to consider when you’re buying your next kettle.
There are two main types of kettle: electric and stovetop models. We're focusing on electric kettles as these are the most popular type.
Electric kettles come in a vast range of shapes and sizes, but the basic design falls into two camps:
You'll usually find the water gauge is larger and easier to see on a jug kettle, and the lid can be a bit more fiddly to remove on dome models, although we've found Best Buy models of both types.
From the essential to the optional, here are the key features to consider when choosing a kettle:
If you often make tea for one, or just want to save energy, look out for a kettle with a low minimum fill level (less than 300ml). Some kettles will force you to boil as many as four cups' worth in one go, leaving you waiting longer and wasting water and energy.
Some kettles have fill indicators that are hidden behind the handle, making them hard to read. Look out for a large, clear windows if you want to be able to see at a glance how much water is left.
A loud whistling kettle can be really annoying, particularly if you have an open-plan kitchen/living area. Some kettles are marketed as being especially quiet, but this doesn't always hold true.
Less than a third of the kettles we test are rated as notably quiet: we measure the noise level in decibels during boiling and note any unusually piercing or annoying sounds.
These allow you to select a range of different temperatures to heat your water to. This is handy if you're partial to herbal or green tea, and coffee, as these drinks work better when brewed at slightly cooler temperatures. For our top picks, see our .
If you want a matching set with style to set off your kitchen, there are plenty to choose from. See our for a round-up of sets to suit different tastes and budgets. Make sure you also check our to get a matching set that scores well.
Whatever your design preference, there's almost certainly a kettle to match. Check our to filter by glass kettles, brushed steel or chrome kettles, copper kettles, geometric pattern kettles and a wide range of colour options including ever-popular black, red and cream.
Hard water can wreak havoc on your kettle, damaging the element and shortening its lifespan. It's also no fun getting bits of scale in your brew.
Some kettles have built-in water filters, although these can be slow to fill and need to be replaced fairly regularly. We test how effectively every kettle filters limescale, and how easy it is to clean. For kettles that hold up to hard water, check our .
Smart kettles work with an app on your smartphone or tablet, allowing you to check how much water is inside, see how hot the water is and set it to boil remotely.
However, they tend to be a lot more expensive than other kettles we’ve tested and you'll still need to fill the kettle (and actually make your tea). There aren't many around, but if you're keen, check our review of the to see what we thought of the smart features - and if it gets the basics right, too.
We test all these factors, and more besides, so you can see how different kettles compare on the essentials. Check our to see our top recommendations, and our list of for the disappointing kettles to avoid.
You can buy a no-frills own-brand kettle for less than a tenner, so what exactly do you get when you pay more?
You're often paying for a premium style, materials and finish. You're also more likely to get extra features such as variable temperature settings.
Cheaper kettles usually have a more basic metal or plastic design, and stick to the basic job of boiling water. It is possible to get stylish cheaper sets, though, such as the budget Argos copper kettle and toaster set (pictured above).
Budget kettles are also less likely to have a one-cup boil feature, although some models buck the trend.
Kettles are one of the most unreliable household gadgets you can buy. More than one in five will breakdown in the first two years, but some brands have a better track record for reliability than others.
Regularly descaling your kettle will help it to live longer, particularly if you live in a hard water area.
Unlike some larger appliances such as dishwashers and washing machines, only a small portion of a kettle's environmental impact will come from day-to-day use. You can make a big difference by opting for a kettle that will last you a long time before it needs to be replaced.
If you want to make more sustainable choices, you also need to buy a kettle that boils quickly and has a low minimum fill. This means you don't need to waste energy boiling water you may not end up using, which is better for the planet and your pocket.
Sadly, just because a kettle is 'sustainable' that doesn't necessarily mean it's a good all-round model - that's where our Eco Buy kettles come in. These are models we've chosen because they're excellent performers and are energy efficient. We also prioritise kettles from brands that perform well in our product experience surveys.
If your kettle develops some kind of fault, before throwing it away you should always consider whether it's possible to repair it. You can carry out some minor repairs yourself, such as replacing springs in the lid or lubricating any stuck parts, but make sure you aren't doing anything that could void your warranty.
Any repairs that require dismantling your kettle or fiddling with the electrics should be carried out by a professional. Choose a to ensure you'll be dealing with a qualified repairperson who you can trust.
According to Recycle Now, around one million tonnes of electrical and electronic waste are generated every year. Every item that has either a plug, a charger, batteries or carries a crossed-out wheelie bin logo can be recycled, and that includes kettles.
If your kettle is still in working condition and you've simply gone off the design, you can donate it to charity, sell it to someone else or take it to a council reuse centre.
Kettles that are completely broken need to be disposed of correctly. Some shops, such as Currys PC World, will take your old kettle off your hands and recycle it on your behalf, but otherwise you'll need to make other arrangements. You could book a slot for your local council to come and collect the broken item, but in most cases it's cheaper to take it to your local recycling centre yourself.
In some cases, you may need to obtain a permit before dropping off broken items, so check this on your local council's website before you travel anywhere.
An increasingly popular (and rather expensive) alternative is to install a hot water tap and do away with your kettle altogether.
Hot water taps dispense near-boiling water at the touch of the button. They’re a good way to streamline your kitchen surfaces and some claim to save energy as you’ll never have to pay to heat more water than you need.
However, we’ve found that the savings aren’t all that they seem. Hot water taps, while convenient and stylish, are expensive to buy and often have hidden ongoing maintenance costs which outweigh any potential energy savings.