Types of scams

As technology becomes more advanced, so do the methods fraudsters use to scam us. Knowing what to look for and how to avoid scams is the best way to stay safe. Our guides tell you about different scams to watch out for.

Answers to your problems

  • Advance loan fee fraud and scams

    Loan fee fraud is the most common type of scam reported to the FCA. Our guide explains how loan fee scams work and how to avoid them.

  • How to spot DVLA scams

    The Driver Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) is often used by scammers to try trick you into handing over your money or personal information by text or email. Find out the tell-tale signs and how to stay safe.

  • How to spot HMRC phone, text and email tax scams

    Which? has obtained two threatening automated messages from fraudsters purporting to be from the HMRC. We explain how this voicemail scam works, so you can spot it.

  • How to spot an investment scam

    Investment scams are getting harder to spot but there are some tell-tale signs to help protect your hard-earned money.

  • Job scams and employment fraud

    Job seekers aged between 18 and 24 are most likely to be targeted by a scam, with victims losing around £4000 on average. Use our tips to avoid job scams.

  • Microsoft phone scam

    Don’t fall for this scam – read on to find out what to do if you receive an unsolicited call from a ‘security expert’ offering to fix your PC.

  • Phone scams

    These phone scams typically involve fraudsters cold calling people and deceiving them into believing they are speaking to a a member of bank staff or another trusted agency

  • Premium rate number scams

    Premium rate number scams try to snare people who are searching online for telephone numbers of government advice services. Here's the lowdown...

  • How to spot a social media scam

    Our guide explains how social media scams work and shares our top six tips for protecting yourself from the scammers.

  • I have received a warning email from my internet provider

    If you’ve received a warning email from your Internet provider (ISP), use our guide to learn more and safeguard yourself from scammers.

Step by step guides

  • How to avoid postal scams

    Scam mail is sent for the sole intention of obtaining money through deception and/or fraud and is estimated to account for 70% of all losses from scams.

  • How to spot a messaging scam

    Messaging scams can be very convincing, so it’s important to know what to watch out for to stay ahead of the fraudsters.

  • How to spot a pension scam

    Pension reforms will give the over-55s the freedom to cash in their pensions. Scammers will try to take advantage of confusion surrounding new pension options.

  • How to spot a pyramid scheme

    Pyramid schemes are unsustainable businesses that require you to recruit other members to recover your joining fee.

  • How to spot a fake, fraudulent or scam website

    UK consumers are now spending more than £100bn a year online. You can use our top tips to identify and avoid fake, fraudulent or scam websites

  • How to spot a holiday scam

    From fake accommodation listings to dodgy reviews, find out how to spot the signs that a holiday offer is too good to be true with our top tips.

  • How to spot an email scam

    Use our top 10 tips to safeguard yourself from fraudsters using email scams to steal your information and money.